What is the state of the art of computer vision-assisted cytology? A Systematic Literature Review

What is the state of the art of computer vision-assisted cytology? A Systematic Literature Review post thumbnail image

Cytology is a low-cost and non-invasive diagnostic process employed to help the prognosis of a broad vary of pathologies. Cells are harvested from tissues by aspiration or scraping, and it’s nonetheless predominantly carried out manually by medical or laboratory professionals extensively skilled for this function. It’s a time-consuming and repetitive course of the place many diagnostic standards are subjective and susceptible to human interpretation. Laptop Imaginative and prescient applied sciences, by mechanically producing quantitative and goal descriptions of examinations’ contents, might help reduce the probabilities of misdiagnoses and shorten the time required for evaluation.

To determine the state-of-art of laptop imaginative and prescient strategies presently utilized to cytology, we performed a Systematic Literature Assessment, trying to find approaches for the segmentation, detection, quantification, and classification of cells and organelles utilizing laptop imaginative and prescient on cytology slides.  After making use of the inclusion/exclusion standards, 157 papers remained, which we analyzed to construct an image of the tendencies and issues current on this analysis space, highlighting the pc imaginative and prescient strategies, staining strategies, analysis metrics, and the supply of the used datasets and laptop code.

Because of this, we recognized that probably the most used strategies within the analyzed works are deep learning-based (70 papers), whereas fewer works make use of basic laptop imaginative and prescient solely (101 papers). Essentially the most recurrent metric used for classification and object detection was the accuracy (33 papers and 5 papers), whereas for segmentation it was the Cube Similarity Coefficient (38 papers). Concerning staining strategies, Papanicolaou was probably the most employed one (130 papers), adopted by H&E (20 papers) and Feulgen (5 papers).

Twelve of the datasets used within the papers are publicly out there, with the DTU/Herlev dataset being probably the most used one. We conclude that there nonetheless is an absence of high-quality datasets for a lot of sorts of stains and a lot of the works will not be mature sufficient to be utilized in a day by day scientific diagnostic routine. We additionally recognized a rising tendency in direction of adopting deep learning-based approaches because the strategies of selection.

Exploring Employees Turnover, Burnout and Resilience in Cytology Reference Laboratories: A Workforce Qualitative Research

The precise goals of the examine are to analyze cytology laboratory employees turnover within the context of office stressors and burnout and to discover qualities related to lengthy profession tenure, in an effort to facilitate the event of future office intervention packages. A fundamental interpretive qualitative examine strategy with semi-structured interviews was performed and analyzed utilizing a directed and standard content material evaluation. Seven individuals who had left giant cytology reference laboratories had been purposively sampled to interview about their expertise of leaving the cytology reference laboratories.
Standard content material evaluation was used to inductively generate themes and deductive content material evaluation was performed with classes from the Transactional Mannequin of Stress and Coping or TMSC (ie: stress appraisal and coping type).  Three principal themes had been discerned from the interviews; considerations in regards to the cytology office, causes for selecting to go away and methods for dealing with stress. Demand for productiveness was probably the most generally cited concern amongst cytotechnologists, adopted by work-life stability and musculoskeletal pressure associated to microscopic screening. The highest motive given for folks selecting to go away the business laboratories was the shortage of work-life stability and the second was the shortage {of professional} challenges and development alternatives.
Individuals with longer job tenure who skilled a promotion described dealing with job stress as extra optimistic and downside targeted. Alternatives exist inside giant business laboratories round enhancing work atmosphere to cut back office burnout and turnover. Our findings revealed that the most typical stressors encountered at giant business laboratories are productiveness calls for adopted by work-related musculoskeletal strains related to microscopic screening.
What is the state of the art of computer vision-assisted cytology? A Systematic Literature Review

Moreover, the highest causes given for folks leaving giant reference laboratories had been the shortage of work-life stability and the paucity {of professional} challenges and development alternatives. Moreover, the examine discovered that cytotechnologists with longer skilled tenure at business laboratories gave the impression to be extra optimistic and problem-focused of their approaches with workplace-related stress and points. Two-Liner Abstract. We analyzed papers revealed within the final four years. The preliminary search was executed in September 2020 and resulted in 431 articles.

Positive needle aspiration cytology of a myxoid adrenocortical adenoma. A case report

The myxoid variant of adrenocortical (AC) tumors is characterised by peculiar histologic options that differ from typical ones. It reveals a distinguished myxoid stromal element and consists of small cells with delicate atypia organized in cords, pseudoglandular buildings and microcysts. Reflecting the rarity of this variant, only a few cytologic descriptions can be found. We describe one case in a 41-year-old lady with a earlier prognosis of breast carcinoma and BRCA1 mutation.

Throughout follow-up controls, an adrenal tumor was found. Positive needle aspiration cytology and Tru-Minimize biopsies had been carried out concurrently. Smears confirmed quite a few teams of cohesive cells of intermediate to small dimension. Inside the largest teams, aggregates of myxoid metachromatic materials had been evident. This myxoid materials is also noticed as remoted acellular fragments. Whereas the cytoplasm of most tumoral cells was homogenously stained some confirmed small vacuoles. Histologically, the tumor grew, forming anastomosing cords, separated by myxoid materials that decided microcystic areas.

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Immunohistochemistry was attribute of AC myxoid tumor. After surgical procedure, pathologic evaluation confirmed this prognosis. The tumor confirmed no necrosis or invasion, had a low mitotic index (3/50 excessive energy fields) and Ki-67 proliferative index of 15%. In line with the completely different diagnostic techniques the tumor was categorized as an adenoma. In conclusion, the myxoid variant of AC tumors reveals peculiar cytologic options. If unaware of the existence of this variant, it could possibly simply be misinterpreted as a metastatic tumor.

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